Grand Mosques Around the World
1. The Blue Mosque
The Sultan Ahmed Mosque is popularly known as the Blue Mosque for the blue tiles adorning the walls of its interior. It was built from 1609 to 1616 in Istanbul, Trukey, during the rule of Ahmed I. The Sultan Ahmed Mosque has one main dome, six minarets, and eight secondary domes. The design is the culmination of two centuries of both Ottoman mosque and Byzantine church development and is considered to be the last great mosque of the classical period.
It has also become a popular tourist attraction.
2. Selimiye Mosque
The Selimiye Mosque is an Ottoman mosque in the city of Edirne, Turkey. The mosque was commissioned by Sultan Selim II and was built by Architect Sinan between 1569 and 1575. Selimiye Mosque was built at the peak of Ottoman military and cultural power. As the empire started to grow, Sinan was asked to help to construct the Selimiye Mosque, making the mosque distinctive and served the purpose of centralizing the city. Surrounded by four tall minarets, the Mosque of Selim II has a grand dome atop it.
3. Süleymaniye Mosque
The Süleymaniye Mosque is an Ottoman imperial mosque located on the Third Hill of Istanbul, Turkey. It is the largest mosque in the city, and one of the best-known sights of Istanbul. Built on the order of Sultan Süleyman, its construction work began in 1550 and the mosque was finished in 1558.
At the four corners of the courtyard are the four minarets, a number only allowable to mosques endowed by a sultan (princes and princesses could construct two minarets; others only one). The minarets have a total of 10 galleries, which by tradition indicates that Süleyman I was the 10th Ottoman sultan.
Al-Masjid al-Nabawī often called the Prophet’s Mosque is a mosque built by the Islamic Prophet Muhammad situated in the city of Medina. It is the second holiest site in Islam (the first being the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca). It was the second mosque built in history and is now one of the largest mosques in the world.
One of the most notable features of the site is the Green Dome in the south-east corner of the mosque, originally Aisha’s house, where the tomb of Muhammad is located.
5. Masjid al-Haram
Al-Masjid Al-Haram or the “Grand Mosque”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masjid_al-Haram – cite_note-GME-1 is located in the city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is the largest mosque in the world and surrounds one of Islam’s holiest places, the Kaaba. Muslims face in the direction of the Kaaba while performing formal worship, salah. One of the Five Pillars of Islam requires every Muslim to perform the Hajj pilgrimage at least once in his or her lifetime if able to do so, includes circumambulation of the Kaaba.
The current structure covers an area of 356,800 square meters (88.2 acres) including the outdoor and indoor praying spaces and can accommodate up to two million worshipers during the Hajj period, one of the largest annual gatherings of people in the world. Unlike many other mosques which are segregated, men and women can worship at Al-Masjid Al-Haram together.
6. Hassan II Mosque
The Hassan II Mosque or Grande Mosquée Hassan II is a mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. Completed in 1993, it is the largest mosque in the country and the 7th largest in the world. Its minaret is the world’s tallest at 210 metres (689 ft), 60 stories high topped by a laser, the light from which is directed towards Mecca.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hassan_II_Mosque – cite_note-Hardy2005-6
The mosque stands on a promontory looking out to the Atlantic Ocean, the sea bed being visible through the glass floor of the building’s hall. The walls are of hand-crafted marble and the roof is retractable. A maximum of 105,000 worshippers can gather together for prayer: 25,000 inside and another 80,000 on the outside grounds.
7. Al-Azhar Mosque
Al-Azhar Mosque is a mosque in Cairo, Egypt. Al-Mu‘izz li-Dīn Allāh of the Fatimid Caliphate commissioned its construction for the newly established capital city in 970. Its name is usually thought to allude to the Islamic prophet Muhammad’s daughter Fatimah, who was given the title az-Zahrā′ (“the shining one”).
It was the first mosque established in Cairo, a city that has since gained the nickname “the city of a thousand minarets.”
8. Al-Fateh Grand Mosque
The Al-Fateh Mosque is one of the largest mosques in the world, encompassing 6,500 square meters and having the capacity to accommodate over 7,000 worshippers at a time. The huge dome built on top of the Al-Fateh Mosque is constructed entirely of fiberglass. Weighing over 60t (60,000 kg), the dome is currently the world’s largest fiberglass dome.
The mosque was built by the late Sheikh Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifa in 1987 and was named after Ahmed Al Fateh, the conqueror of Bahrain.
9. Kalân Mosque (Kalyan Mosque)
The Kalyan Mosque is one of the outstanding monuments of Bukhara, dating back to the fifteenth century. The roofing (of 288 domes) of the galleries encircling the courtyard of Kalyan Mosque rests on 208 pillars. Construction of the mosque was completed in 1514 under the direction of Ubaidulla-khan.
The mosque was originally known as Karakhanid Djuma Mosque and was destroyed by fire and dismantled, apparently at the time of the Mongolian invasion.
10. Regent Park Mosque
The London Central Mosque also known as the Islamic Cultural Centre, ICC or Regent’s Park Mosque is a mosque in London, England. It was designed by Sir Frederick Gibberd, completed in 1978, and has a prominent golden dome. The main hall can hold over five thousand worshippers, with women praying on a balcony overlooking the hall.
The land was donated by King George VI to the Muslim community of Britain in return for the donation of land in Cairo by King Farouk of Egypt and Sudan on which to build an Anglican cathedral.
11. Grand Mosque (Kuwait)
The Grand Mosque is the largest and the official mosque in the country of Kuwait in Kuwait city. Its area spans 45,000 square metres (480,000 sq ft).The dome of the mosque is decorated with the Asma al-hosna, the 99 names of God. The mosque can accommodate up to 10,000 men in the main prayer hall and up to 950 women in the separate hall for women. To accommodate the large number of vehicles belonging to worshippers, the mosque also contains a 5-level car park underneath the eastern courtyard which can hold up to 550 cars.
Construction on the mosque started in 1979, and the mosque was completed in 1986.
12. Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque is located in Abu Dhabi, the capital city of the United Arab Emirates.
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque was initiated by the late President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), HH Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, who wanted to establish a structure which unites the cultural diversity of Islamic world, the historical and modern values of architecture and art. The design of the Sheikh Zayed Mosque has been inspired by both Mughal and Moorish mosque architecture, particularly the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore, Pakistan and the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco being direct influences.
It is the largest mosque in the United Arab Emirates and the eighth largest mosque in the world.
13. Al Saleh Mosque
The Saleh Mosque or Al Saleh Mosque is the largest and most modern mosque in Sana’a, Yemen. Inaugurated in November 2008 by Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh, it is named in his honor. The mosque has the capacity to accommodate up to 44,000 people.
People of all religion can visit the mosque as is often by large number of tourists. And it promotes moderate Islam.
14. Akhmad Kadyrov Mosque
The Akhmad Kadyrov Mosque is located in Grozny, the capital of Chechnya. It is one of the largest mosques in Russia] and is officially known as the “The Heart of Chechnya”. The mosque is named after Akhmad Kadyrov who commissioned its construction. The mosque design with a set of 62-metre (203 ft) tall minarets is based on the Blue Mosque in İstanbul and 10,000 muslims can pray at a time.
15. Shah Jahan Mosque
The Shah Jahan Mosque, also known as Woking Mosque, in Oriental Road, Woking, England, is the first purpose-built mosque in the United Kingdom. The Shah Jahan Mosque was built in 1889 as one of the first mosques in Western Europe by Gottlieb Wilhelm Leitner.
It is built in Bath and Bargate stone in indo-saracenic style commissioned by Shah Jahan, Begum of Bhopal who made sizable donations towards the building of the mosque.